Every month, more than 150,000 children die from malaria alone. Each year, AIDS kills 3 million worldwide, a number equal to 10 times the tsunami toll.
President Bush, Chancellor Schroeder and their G8 colleagues will meet in
A Foreign Policy article by President Bush's deputy assistant secretary of the treasury from 2000 to 2002, describes how US trade barriers hurt poor countries more than the US aid helps them, how aid played a key role in development in the past and why US security would benefit from alleviating poverty. Following are abstracts of both articles.
US Foreign Aid
In "Think Again: U.S. Foreign Aid" (Foreign Policy February 2005) Steven Radelet criticizes the
Some analysts estimate that
A great deal of assistance has certainly been wasted over the years, particularly aid provided for political rather than developmental purposes. Corrupt governments pocketed some of the funds, while the
(…) Aid has proven particularly effective in boosting health and education, which improved markedly around the world during the last four decades. In developing countries, life expectancy at birth increased from 43 to 59 years between 1960 and 2002, and infant mortality rates fell from 147 to 79 per thousand. Although aid was not the most significant contributor to these trends, many analysts believe it played a key role. The
Steven Radelet ends by reminding the Bush administration that
In sub-Saharan Africa, the
Bono' US campaign
The Guardian describes how Bono lobbied the
"Warren Buffett told me, 'Don't appeal to the conscience of
(...) At each of the 27 concert dates in the
(...) Aid to Africa has nearly trebled under George Bush and the
CORRECTION & UPDATE:
The Berlin Blogger ("An American Does His Thing in Berlin") pointed out a mistake in the last quote from The Guardian article. The left leaning Guardian referred to Bono as saying that "aid to Africa has nearly trebled under George Bush." Berlin Blogger pointed out on the Berlin Blog and by providing a link in our comments section (see comment 3) that, Bono was misquoted.
Apparently Bono only said that President Bush promised to triple aid to Africa in the future.
Bono told NBC News' Meet the Press:
It offends me, it upsets me when the rest of the world thinks America is not doing enough. The president is right to say they're doing a quarter of all aid to Africa. He has doubled, even tripled if he follows through, aid to Africa. But they are about to double aid, the rest of Europe, to double aid, so that will leave America as one-eighth of all aid going to Africa if they don't match that. And that's not a place Americans want to be, one-eighth. And that will be Europe doing four times as much as America.
Susan E. Rice, President Clinton's Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs wrote for The Brookings Institution:
U.S. aid to Africa from FY 2000 (the last full budget year of the Clinton Administration) to FY2004 (the last completed fiscal year of the Bush Administration) has not "tripled" or even doubled. Rather, in real dollars, it has increased 56% (or 67% in nominal dollar terms). The majority of that increase consists of emergency food aid, rather than assistance for sustainable development of the sort Africa needs to achieve lasting poverty reduction.
According to her Foreign Military Financing has doubled and "actual development assistance, excluding food aid and security assistance, will have increased an estimated 74% from FY 2000 to FY 2005 in real dollar terms, or 89% in nominal dollars." Thank you very much, Berlin Blogger, for pointing out this mistake, incl. the links.
After the G8 summit Bono said about President Bush
We always want more on the numbers but there's no questioning the man's commitment to Africa. His money on malaria has been matched leaving this President in the enviable position of leading the charge against the world's most wanted killer diseases--HIV and malaria. I wish he would have matched the European challenge on overall assistance. He has a great idea for every country with a credible plan to put African children in school but by today's numbers, the Europeans are mostly paying for it.
The Economist writes about the G8 agreement
The G8 announced a $50 billion increase in development aid, but set no deadline for reaching this goal, which will make it too easy for members to let their commitments slip.